History of Envelopes – Fun Facts

History of Envelopes – Fun Facts

Prior to 1845, hand-made envelopes were all that were available for use, both commercial and domestic. In 1845, Edwin Hill and Warren De La Rue were granted a British patent for the first envelope-making machine.

The “envelopes” produced by the Hill/De La Rue machine were not as we know them today. They were flat diamond, lozenge (or rhombus) -shaped sheets or “blanks” which had been pre-cut to shape before being fed to the machine for creasing and made ready for folding to form a rectangular enclosure. The edges of the overlapping flaps treated with a paste or adhesive and the method of securing the envelope or wrapper was a user choice. The symmetrical flap arrangement meant that it could be held together with a single wax seal at the apex of the topmost flap. (That the flaps of an envelope can be held together by applying a seal at a single point is a classic design feature of an envelope).

Nearly 50 years passed before a commercially successful machine for producing pre-gummed envelopes effectively as we know them today appeared.

The origin of the use of the diamond shape for envelopes is debated. However as an alternative to simply wrapping a sheet of paper around a folded letter or an invitation and sealing the edges, it is a tidy and ostensibly paper-efficient way of producing a rectangular-faced envelope. Where the claim to be paper-efficient fails is a consequence of paper manufacturers normally making paper available in rectangular sheets, because the largest size of envelope that can be realized by cutting out a diamond or any other shape which yields an envelope with symmetrical flaps is smaller than the largest that can be made from that sheet simply by folding.

The folded diamond-shaped sheet (or “blank”) was in use at the beginning of the 19th century as a novelty wrapper for invitations and letters among the segment of the population that had the time to sit and cut them out and were affluent enough not to bother about the waste offcuts. Their use first became widespread in the UK when the British government took monopoly control of postal services and tasked Rowland Hill with its introduction. The new service was launched in May 1840 with a postage-paid machine-printed illustrated (or pictorial) version of the wrapper and the much-celebrated first adhesive postage stamp: the Penny Black- for the production of which the Jacob Perkins printing process was used to deter counterfeiting and forgery. The wrappers were printed and sold as a sheet of 12, with cutting the purchaser’s task. Known as Mulready stationery, because the illustration was created by the respected artist William Mulready, the envelopes were withdrawn when the illustration was ridiculed and lampooned. Nevertheless the public apparently saw the convenience of the wrappers being available ready-shaped, and it must have been obvious that with the stamp available totally plain versions of the wrapper could be produced and postage prepaid by purchasing a stamp and affixing it to the wrapper once folded and secured. In this way although the postage-prepaid printed pictorial version died ignominiously,the diamond-shaped wrapper acquired de facto official status and became readily available to the public notwithstanding the time taken to cut them out and the waste generated. With the issuing of the stamps and the operation and control of the service (which is a communications medium) in government hands the British model spread around the world and the diamond-shaped wrapper went with it.

Hill also installed his brother Edwin as The Controller of Stamps, and it was he with his partner Warren De La Rue who patented the machine for mass-producing the diamond-shaped sheets for conversion to envelopes in 1845. Today, envelope-making machine manufacture is a long- and well-established international industry, and blanks are produced with a short-arm-cross shape and a kite shape as well as diamond shape. (The short-arm-cross style is mostly encountered in “pocket” envelopes i.e. envelopes with the closing flap on a short side. The more common style, with the closing flap on a long side, are sometimes referred to was “standard” or “wallet” style for purposes of differentiation.)

The most famous paper-making machine was the Fourdrinier machine. The process involves taking processed pulp stock and converting it to a continuous web which is gathered as a reel. Subsequently the reel is guillotined edge to edge to create a large number of properly rectangular sheets because ever since the invention of Gutenberg’s press paper has been closely associated with printing.

To this day all other mechanical printing and duplicating equipments devised in the meantime, including the typewriter (which was used up to the 1970s for addressing envelopes), have been primarily designed to process rectangular sheets. Hence the large sheets are in turn are guillotined down to the sizes of rectangular sheet commonly used in the commercial printing industry, and nowadays to the sizes commonly used as feed-stock in office-grade computer printers, copiers and duplicators (mainly ISO, A4 and US Letter).

Using any mechanical printing equipment to print on envelopes, which although rectangular, are in fact folded sheets with differing thicknesses across their surfaces, calls for skill and attention on the part of the operator. In commercial printing the task of printing on machine-made envelopes is referred to as “overprinting” and is usually confined to the front of the envelope. If printing is required on all four flaps as well as the front, the process is referred to as “printing on the flat”. Eye-catching illustrated envelopes or pictorial envelopes, the origins of which as an artistic genre can be attributed to the Mulready stationery – and which was printed in this way – are used extensively for direct mail. In this respect, direct mail envelopes have a shared history with propaganda envelopes (or “covers”) as they are called by philatelists.

At the end of the 20th century a top of the range envelope-making machine cost in the region of $1 million and could produce 1200 pre-gummed envelopes per minute in boxes of 1000 ready for distribution. With manufacturing costs as high as this very few envelope-making machinery manufacturers appeared in the 19th and 20th centuries, and at the beginning of the 21st century the number satisfying the world demand remained low, with a single enterprise, Winkler+Dünnebier, producing two-thirds of the machines producing the 450 billion envelopes referred to above (which includes “pockets”).

Consequently too the high cost of buying these high capital investment machines has to be factored into the operating costs of any enterprise which engages in producing printed envelopes, and so their line of business is the production of very large runs of the order of 50,000 and upwards. Depending on the size of the run this can entail the use of an entire web or reel. The result of this is that over the last 150 years or so the most common way of producing printed envelopes commercially has been to overprint on machine-made envelopes. Needless to say, only the largest of companies have a need for 50,000 or more envelopes at any one time. The drawback is that although printing on the face of an envelope is reasonably straight- forward, an envelope is not a flat sheet of paper and so if printing is required on one or more flaps this incurs higher cost as specialist printing skill is required. For small businesses with a need for relatively low volumes of printed envelopes, even if a case is made for a batch customized with no more than the company logo on the face, there is seldom justification for the added expense of printing on the flap side too. However the volume-related barrier to the use of customized envelopes by small businesses was subsequently lowered in the late-20th century with the advent of the digital printing revolution which saw the introduction of PC printers. Although designed primarily to process flat rectangular sheets these could be adjusted to also overprint on the face of rectangular machine-made envelopes in spite of the extra thickness – given suitable office applications software such as Microsoft’s Word.

PRESENT AND FUTURE STATE OF ENVELOPES

Then right at the end of the 20th century, in 1998, the digital printing revolution delivered another benefit for small businesses when the U.S. Postal Service became the first postal authority to approve the introduction of a system of applying to an envelope in the printer bin of a PC sheet printer a digital frank (uncanceled and precanceled) or stamp delivered via the Internet. With this innovative alternative to an adhesive-backed postage stamp as the basis for an Electronic Stamp Distribution (ESD) service, a business envelope could be produced in-house, addressed and customized with advertising information on the face, and ready to be mailed.

The fortunes of the commercial envelope manufacturing industry and the postal service go hand in hand, and both link to the printing industry and the mechanized envelope processing industry producing equipments such as franking and addressing machines. They are all four symbiotic: technological developments affecting one obviously ricochet through …

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Can You Recycle Envelopes With Window In Them?

Can You Recycle Envelopes With Window In Them?

We once heard that throwing just a small amount of unrecyclable material would screw up the recycling process and cause the entire portion of recycled material to go to waste. So for a long time, we would spend tedious hours cutting out the plastic windows from envelopes to make sure no non-recyclable materials got into our recycling bin. After a while we got fed up with all the time this process took, thinking – “why should we have to spend hours to make up for the credit card and other advertising companies’ neglect of the environment?” Well, after some research, it looks like some recycling facilities can process those little plastic windows. So are envelopes recyclable after all?

Can you Recycle Envelopes?

You can recycle paper envelopes but may be able to recycle envelopes with windows too. Current research indicates that post-consumer paper mills have systems that can remove small amounts of contaminants. That is, the little plastic windows still aren’t recyclable, per se, but they should be able to be filtered out by the recycling system. This way you can spend your hours on other environmental endeavors that otherwise would have gone to tedious envelope window cutting. Double check with your local recycling authority to see if this is an option in your area. If it’s not, recycling systems are being updated all the time, so make sure to check back regularly to see if anything’s changed.

Envelopes with Window: Is Cellophane Recyclable?

Can envelopes be recycled if they have a cellophane window? It’s a good question and a good rule of thumb when trying to decide whether or not a paper or cardboard is recyclable, is first to check to see if there’s a recycling symbol (with a number in the center), somewhere on the material.

Note: the number inside the recycling symbol is important – most local recycling facilities can process #1 and #2, but check with your local recycling authority to confirm recycling capabilities for #2 – #7. If for some reason your curbside pickup can’t recycle a number, check with your local grocery store or other merchants (such as Whole Foods) that may accept it.

What if There’s No Recycling Symbol or Number?

Let’s say you can’t find anything that indicates if it’s recyclable (or the recycling symbol contains no number – for example, if it’s from another country), it could simply mean the manufacturer didn’t take the time to print a recycling symbol on there. A good rule of thumb is to test the paper for a waxy or plastic feel – this paper is not recyclable. However, if the chipboard is cardboard on one side, as with a cereal box, then you can recycle the box. The idea is that the paper mills can filter out contaminants, but it doesn’t do you good to recycle the paper if it’s entirely plastic-based, such as is often the case with frozen food containers.

Or Don’t Recycle Plastic Envelopes At All?

Keep in mind that recycling is not 100% efficient – you’re still creating some waste and using energy during the recycling process. Before you recycle (or toss), ask yourself if you can somehow reuse the item you’re thinking about throwing in your recycling (or trash) bin. If you can, then you’ve done even better – you’re reusing your item, thereby creating no additional waste or energy use.

An example of something that we reuse are tennis balls – we take them to the local YMCA and donate them for use strollers for handicapped people. That not only prevents them from having to buy new tennis balls, but keeps our old tennis balls from ending up in a landfill.…

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Classy Nesting Doll Gifts That Are Sure To Standout

Classy Nesting Doll Gifts That Are Sure To Standout

Russian gifts and Slavic dolls are known to the whole world, this is a real treasury of national creativity, accessible to everyone. Old Russian masters put their souls in each creation, due to which they produced real masterpieces.

The company specializes in the wholesale of Russian handmade souvenirs. In their specialized catalog are presented:

  • dolls in folk costumes
  • pretty pyshechki
  • wooden dolls
  • hot water bottles on the kettle

Colorful patterns, filigree work, luxury textiles and porcelain reflect the breadth of the Russian soul. Each souvenir doll is literally soaked with warmth and positive.

In addition to Russian dolls, they can buy masks in bulk and other great souvenirs. Your customers will be able to choose an exquisite gift in the form of pendants or dolls, and affordable prices will open up new business opportunities. Want to know what do Russian nesting dolls represent.

Russian beauty – elegant doll as a gift

Bright souvenir dolls of this section captivate with the richness of decor in clothes. Picturesque young ladies are not just beautiful, but also have a certain cognitive meaning. Thus, Slavic dolls illustrate the colorful history of Russia, and luxurious secular models radiate the greatness of the royal era.

Masks – the guise of mystery

Costumed balls do not lose their relevance, so for fans of fabulous holidays, they picked up original and artistically attractive carnival masks.

Charms – stylish decor in the interior

Colorful pendants from their catalog in the form of fairy-tale characters, dolls and other characters are able to stylishly transform the interior, both at home and office. And this is a great gift for friends.

Pyshechka dolls – harmony in everyday life

The atmosphere of hospitality will be created by original puff dolls and candy boxes they have for sale. Prenatal young ladies, as a symbol of dimension and wealth, will bring harmony in your life, characteristic of ancient Russian hostesses.

Wooden dolls are an amazing gift

Painted wooden dolls in bulk with rocker arms, a samovar or flowers represent the best achievements of the artists’ skill. Continuing the ancient traditions, their company offers to buy dolls in bulk in Moscow, which will charm your customers with irresistible beauty. A large collection of outstanding traditional nesting dolls can be found at nestingdolls.co

Warmers for a teapot – an attribute of spiritual tea

Refined hot-water bottles for a teapot – an indispensable attribute of tea drinking in the Russian style. Cute products in the form of dolls and other characters not only keep the tea hot, but also dispose to a leisurely emotional conversation.

All products of their catalog, including dolls in bulk, can be purchased by contacting the telephone number listed on the site. Choose only the best for yourself and your customers.

We present you the masterpieces of applied art – Russian souvenir dolls. They are made by hand, and heroes and plots from their history, culture, and mythology become types for them. The range differs an unprecedented variety. There are suspended and standing dolls, soft and wooden, in the form of caskets and covers on the teapot. They are made in the form of bears with balalaika, boyar and simple village men, Cheburashka, Nutcracker, even the English Queen.

Each product is original and unique. The outfits for the queens and boyar dolls are exact replicas of women’s dresses worn in the past era, the Christmas tree toy in the shape of a tin soldier is made of wood, but painted by hand and looks very realistic, and Cheburashka even utters several phrases and sings songs. You can easily pick up a gift that will delight both a child and an adult.

You will enjoy not only a good selection of gifts, but also comfortable order conditions:

  • They offer toys directly from the manufacturer, so you cannot doubt their quality
  • The cost of souvenir dolls is not overstated – it gives you good savings
  • The customers receive a money back guarantee for products that do not fit them in certain parameters
  • Delivery is possible in Russia and the world. They will make sure that your order is delivered accurately and as quickly as possible
  • The companies accept payment in different ways, cash to the courier and card, bank, postal transfer, electronic money.

The managers are always happy to help you understand the range and find the right gifts. Scroll through their  catalogue, ask your questions and order doll souvenirs in the online store Nesting doll for friends, relatives, second half and foreign guests who want to leave a pleasant memory of Russia.

The rite “cuckoo’s funeral”

Many rites in Russia were held with the help of specially made dolls. For example: the ancient rite of “the funeral of the cuckoo”. This is the dedication of 12-year-old girls to girls and their entry into the world of adulthood.

He has conducted this ceremony before the Trinity. He was in the following

The girls went into the forest and made sure that no one followed them. There they led round dances, Pele songs and kumilis. In a sign that two girlfriends for 1 year became godfathers, they exchanged wreaths and dolls specially made for this purpose. These dolls were a reflection of the hostess, because while making this doll, the girl put a piece of her soul into it. After three times kissing girls exchanged dolls and were considered as godfathers. But it was extremely rare. How can you be angry with the godfather, if together with your doll you are entrusted with a part of your own soul. After all, while making the doll, the girl made efforts, thought about her, put all her skill into this work, and now she is given to her friend.

The Dressing

After the exchange of dolls, the girls dressed up in rags and shreds, specially made for this occasion, a straw doll. It was made from dried grass “cuckoo’s tears”. Then the girls buried her, they did not necessarily bury her, but in the sense they hid her, got rid of her. Thereby, they got rid of those qualities which are inherent in the cuckoo. She is known to throw eggs into the nests of other birds, and does not care about the future of her offspring. After the ceremony, the girl is considered a girl. Thus, this rite demonstrates the rejection of “kukischestva”, the proclamation of motherhood. The girls say goodbye to their childhood, assuming the obligation “not to be a cuckoo”.…

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7 Unbelievable Things You Never Knew About Onesies

7 Unbelievable Things You Never Knew About Onesies

Onesies: this is the original pajama costumes cartoon characters and animals for adults and children. They are soft, comfortable, cozy, warm and very cute. Become a star of a youth party, arouse admiration of others or keep them warm at home if you are cold.

Origin

The name “unicorn onesies” was the result of the mixing of two Japanese words: the verb “kiru” (to wear) and the noun “nuigurumi”, which means “soft toy”. If in Russia the cartoon pajamas just appear, then in Japan they have already become a real trend of youth fashion. Onesies can be found in amusement parks, shopping centers, on crowded streets. They like to amuse passers-by, to amuse children and to charge everyone with positive.

Material

Sew onesies from two fabrics: fleece or polyester. Fleece onesies are warmer. They are great for sleeping or walking in the fresh air. If you are going to light all night on the dance floor, it is better to choose the second option. This fabric is much thinner. It is ideal for private events. In general, both types of pajamas are very light, breathable and comfortable. Feel free to wear them in any situation, and you will never stay in the shadows. For bright, creative personalities, this is what we need.

Onesies can be worn all year round. A person in a costume of a charming little animal can conquer any mountain slope. In the summer, stand on the rollers and catch the surprised glances of passersby. And in spring and autumn, just walk the streets, enjoy the great urban atmosphere, and Onesies will make the walk as pleasant and comfortable as possible. And most importantly when you are going to plunge into the world of fairy-tale dreams, just do not forget about the soft pajamas. With her, your dream will become sweet and sweet and your morning mood sunny and joyful.

Onesies can be washed in the machine! In case of contamination do not be afraid to wash the onesies in the washing machine. They will not fall apart. They do not have cardboard glued finishes, they will not lose color, and they are made of high-quality fabric. Onesies created specifically with the features of the machine wash.

Onesies is a great alternative to carnival costumes! In such a dress, any holiday will be held with a bang, and great memories will delight you for a long time.

The most popular costumes are panda, Pikachu, Hello Kitty, Winnie the Pooh, elephant, dog, dinosaur, cat, dragon, pig and cow. Agree, such funny characters will surely cause a smile on the face of even the dullest person. More of these cute and adorable characters are available at https://kigurumi.co

Do you like to shock others? Give others a good mood? Cool photos in social networks? Then you can’t do without onesies. This is the easiest way to accomplish all three missions at once, plus with a guarantee to attract the attention of others in any place wherever you are.

Previously, it was necessary to make 40 holes for piercing on the face, shave the skull, or at least go along the street with a bunch of balloons. Now stand out from the crowd much easier. Onesies is a thin onesies or hooded pajamas depicting a cartoon hero. This can be a well-known character, or just an animal, stylized as a cartoon. It doesn’t matter if you watch cartoons, what your mood is, what kind of fruit your figure resembles and whether you wear socks under sandals if you walk down the street in Onesies, everyone smiles and watches you, and some even want to meet and take pictures.

Uniqueness!

“He is so cool!” the cat regularly hears just because he is a cat. “She is so cool / funny / fun!” Often hears a girl who has onesies. It doesn’t matter how old a girl is and how much kg she has in live weight, she will always be cool, funny and funny in Onesies. Boys using the Onesies acquire the same qualities.

How to use onesies?

This is one of the most sought-after options for using onesies. After all, snowboarders love nothing more than to stand out in front of each other. And here is such an opportunity to attract attention. Even if you ride a snowboard a little better than a bag of bran, you will admire your turret less. But the onesies for snowboarding is also a warm, soft and very comfortable fleece outerwear. She breathes well and does not get wet, ensures that the snow does not crumble by the collar and keeps the track suit that you wear under the bottom from damage. And if you like to inform the whole world about your sporting success, confirming it with photos and Instagram, or wherever you are, then snowboarding without Onesies is generally a crime. Onesies will not only improve your karma due to the smiles of those who will look at these pictures.

If you are among those external parents who simply cannot help but share the joys of snowboarding with their children, Onesies is generally the ideal way out. You will be sure that your child will not freeze and will not cause irritation of others, even if he jumps across the path during the descent. Because how can you be angry at such a miracle?

Wear Flash-mob

Flash mob is now a popular and entertaining entertainment, a great way to entertain you and others, to admire how jaws hang in passersby, and sometimes to draw attention to a serious problem. Some flash mobs appear spontaneously, and some carefully prepare more than one week. And in many flash mobs a huge role is played by the presence of a suitable onesies. Because in the costume of an ordinary person, you may not be noticed until you start issuing the hunting cry of Tarzan, and even in this case you will find you drunk, who happened to be in the midst of a flash-mob. If you like flash mobs, a couple of Onesies in the closet ensures your relevance to them. Just remember any flash mob you have heard about lately and mentally add a dude to it in onesies.

Well, then, let’s call things by their names, the main thing in flash mobs for their participants are what? Onesies absolutely decorate them.…

Read More 7 Unbelievable Things You Never Knew About Onesies

How to choose the cuff bracelet for you

How to choose the cuff bracelet for you

Cuff Bracelets are a bracelet that does not have a clasp. It has a hole through which you can easily and quickly put on a bracelet. What distinguishes these bracelets from the rest is that it changes a lot in the image and the difference “with it” and “without it” is obvious. This also manifests itself at the level of sensations of the bracelet owner. Try it! Wearing such a bracelet, you will feel as if wearing armor. A cuff bracelet or cuff bracelet is definitely an ornament that gives a feeling of strength and security.

It is difficult to say when and in which part of the world the cuff bracelet first appeared. It is known that such bracelets appeared a few thousand years ago, and still remain very popular. Almost in every culture of the world one can find a wide bracelet, resembling cuffs, in one form or another.

The cuff bracelet was a popular accessory in ancient Egypt, Greece, China and America. So on the wall paintings of ancient Egypt preserved images of pharaohs, whose wrists are decorated with wide bracelets with precious stones. In Mayan culture, the cuff bracelet was an attribute of royal attire and an important indicator of social status. In the 20th century, a lot of cuff bracelets appeared, but among them were especially remarkable.

Not to mention the legendary Coco Chanel bracelets with Maltese crosses.

Chanel adhered to a strict and concise style. The elegance, comfort and naturalness of her outfits required accents; they could be inexpensive accessories and jewelry. The icon of the style of the twentieth century for the first time dared to tell the world that there should be a lot of jewelry, because it is nothing more than a detail of a costume, a kind of decorative element that should decorate its owner, and not cost a fortune, being an insurance in case of extreme need.

Cult decoration, a cuff bracelet with Maltese crosses, the design of which was developed by Coco Chanel along with the Duke Fulco de Verdur, is still popular, made and sold. Another famous cuff bracelet is from Italian designer Elsa Peretti (for Tiffany & Co).

Cuff bracelets – it is always stylish and no matter what it is made of: be it plastic, resin, natural stones or just metal. Another feature is the fact that such bracelets are suitable for owners of thin wrists.

Jasper protects a person from diseases, contributes to the alignment of a person’s relations at work with his superiors. Jasper protects from the evil eye and from the forces of evil, protects against infertility, gives courage and confidence in victory. As a talisman, jasper promises wealth and health, gives eloquence, improves memory. It helps with bleeding and low blood pressure. Treats diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, relieves pain with bruises. Pearls – noble, pure, tender and lively – always been fanned by many legends. He makes convincing people more objective, closer to other people, he knocks down pride, arrogance, vanity, gives the opportunity to look back and secure his rear. Pearls contribute to longevity. Pearls – a good haemostatic agent. This cuff bracelet may be suitable for a ballroom or wedding dress. You can make it from materials of any other color, so that it is in tune with the girl’s side.

Denim can make sophisticated, designer jewelry which can be suitable not only for meeting teenagers, but also for a party or even for a wedding. But denim is good because even jewelry that is easy to make from jeans can look stylish, interesting and beautiful. An example of this is a cuff bracelet that is made very quickly. Having spent a little more time and materials, you can make a unique thing. And if you fantasize and show design skills, then you can create more than one unique decoration. And each will be different and beautiful.

Already this may be enough. Just turn the edge inward and sew the bracelet in a ring that is worn on the arm. But it is too easy. Therefore, we continue to fantasize. Now we need to put the edges of the watch strap under the label so that our bracelet fastens on the arm and fasten them there. You can sew, you can glue – which is easier and faster for you. If it so happens that the strap slides to the side, you can still sew loops, detached from the same jeans. It remains for us to fill the strap under the belt loops and fasten the cuff on the arm. Such a cuff bracelet will look good with any clothes where the hand is a little bare, whether it’s a dress or a T-shirt. Well, sport and, if necessary, a diet for weight loss will help you keep yourself in shape.

Silver Hammered Cuff Bracelet

This hammered cuffed silver bracelet is a superb handmade creation. It was made by the Karen Tribe Master, north of Thailand. Karen is an ethnic group that originally originated from Burma. They have very characteristic know-how that cannot be found anywhere else. This hammered silver cuff bracelet is a great success. It is very comfortable to wear and fits easily, both in casual outfits and in formal clothing.

925 silver, the material of your bracelet

Silver used to make jewelry cannot be 100% pure because it will be too soft. One or several alloys are added for operation, in most cases copper. Silver jewelry in USA and in most countries of the world is silver 925. This silver name is 1er; it has a minimum content of 92.5%. It is also known as sterling silver, 925 silver. For example, silver, consisting of silver, 92.5% and 7.5% copper. Silver has been the silver category for jewelry in many countries since the 13th century. Thai money is often cleaner than the world standard. It often contains 95 with 98% money, which allows you to use another job. Because more pure silver is softer and suppler, Thai silver jewelry is usually thicker.

Specifications

  • 925 money bracelets certified
  • Dimensions: diameter 6 cm, length 16.5 cm, width max. 2.5 cm
  • Weight: 29 g
  • Comes in a handmade silk and cotton bag
  • Handmade Jewelry 100% Handmade
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